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From: Stephen Hayes
To: All
Date: 2004-02-17 05:49:00
Subject: Old RSL Year Book 29

* Forwarded (from: GEN_BRITAIN) by Stephen Hayes using timEd/2 1.10.y2k.
* Originally from gwen (8:8/2002) to All.
* Original dated: Sun Feb 15, 22:45

From: "gwen" <gwenpt{at}bigpond.com>


This Article is taken from The Returned Sailors and Soldiers' Imperial
League of Australia, Official Year Book of 1939. It is stamped 'Defence
Issue' and the price was 1/6, or 1 shilling and 6 pence in the old
pre-decimal currency. After World War 2 the RSSILA became the RSL - Returned
Services League.
Spelling is as in the original articles.



P 129 - 29
WIRELESS IN WAR.
Wireless had its first application in war in South Africa. The British Army
had six allegedly portable transmitters in the field, but because of
difficulties in transport, handed thern over to the Navy in 1900.
In the Great War (1914-18) the navies, armies, and air forces of all the
combatants had their fixed and mobile wireless services but valves and other
equipment had not been developed sufficiently to niake communication
sufficiently reliable for all purposes. To-day, all doubts as to reliability
and mobility have been removed. The question is what part would broadcasting
play in a modern conflict? In the four years following 1914, wireless
services were entirely in the hands of the, Government. The few amateurs had
to pack all their gear and deliver it to some responsible authority. There
can now be no question of the complete withdrawal of all privately-owned
equipment. Probably transmitters not used in communication services would be
compelled to close down, but broadcasting must carry on. Apart from the
tremendous commercial dislocation and the impossibility of silencing
millions of receivers, broadcasting is far too useful a service for the
rapid dissemination of official announcements, warnings, news, and so forth.
Its utility in these directions is beyond argument. It is its application to
propaganda and the effect, if any, of such propaganda upon the rank and fie
of the conflicting nations in building or destroying morale that is the
unknow quantity. It is hard to foresee the possibilities.
There is no doubt that it would be universally used as a vehicle for
propaganda. Stations would pour out "news" of  local manufacture in immense
quantities over the world as long as they were permitted by their enemies,
but deliberate interference, of which there have already been instances, is
certain to be an important factor.
With all international restraint removed, wave  lengths would be altered as
and when found  necessary, and there would be chaos. The experience of Spain
would be universal. There, each side thought that broadcasting could be used
to its respective advantage, and set up fairly elaborate systems in order to
put their case. Besides having to find a free, wave length, the stations had
to contend with an opposing station sending on the same wave length for the
sole purpose of jamming the other and making its signals unintelligible.
There were all sorts of subterfuges such as borrowing a call sign from the
enemy, but in spite, of everything, little was gained.
That sort of thing would be done very thoroughly in a major conflict. Modern
developments in technique, such as centimeter wave lengths, reflectors, and
so on would possibly avoid such troubles in systems used by the fighting
services, but broadcasting services could always be subjected to
considerable interference and their value for either propaganda or
counter -propaganda correspondingly lessened.



P 129 - 29
"GOTT STRAFE ENGLAND."
Ernest Lissauer, Jewish writer of  "Gott Strafe England," died in Vienna in
December, 1937, an exile from Germany, aged 55. Lissauer often expressed the
deepest regret at having written the poem.
As a result of Lissauer's "Hymn of Hate," the verb "to
strafe" becarne
popular in and behind the Allied lines on the Western Front during the Great
War. The famous Punch cartoon of "A German Family Having Its Morning Hate"
so incensed the Germans that they took reprisals on British officer
prisoners of war.


P 132 - 29
THE 29TH DIVISION.
The famous 29th Division on Gallipoli comprised Irish Regulars, Marines, 1st
Lancashire Fusiliers, 2nd Royal Fusiliers, 1st Borderers, 1st Inskilling
Fusiliers, 1st King's Own Scottish Border SouthWales Borderers, Plymouth
Marine Battalion, Royal Naval Division.

Regards  Gwen


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